One consortium is backed by financial technology firm Viva Republica and the other is led by brokerage Kiwoom Securities.
The Financial Services Commission said it accepted the recommendations of an independent evaluation committee that both consortia had put together inadequate bids.
The outside evaluators said the Kiwoom consortium’s plans lacked in feasibility and innovation, while the one led by Viva Republica didn’t have the ability to finance its plans.
The industry had expected at least one of the two consortia will gain preliminary approval. FSC Chairman Choi Jong-ku admitted that he, too, was caught off guard by the findings of the independent evaluators.
Viva Republica, which operates the popular financial services app Toss, formed a consortium that includes Hanwha Investment & Securities and foreign venture capital firms such as Altos Ventures of the United States and Goodwater Capital of Britain.
Kiwoom Securities is part of the other consortium alongside Hana Financial Holdings and SK Telecom.
Two current internet-only banks -- K-Bank and Kakao Bank -- were launched in 2017, challenging traditional banks in South Korea and forcing them to cut commission fees and revamp their online and mobile banking services.
Last September, the National Assembly passed a bill that allows a nonfinancial firm to boost its stake in an internet-only bank beyond the 4 percent ownership ceiling.
The ceiling was intended to prevent big conglomerates from exploiting a bank as a private vault. However, critics said it has discouraged technology firms from making inroads into the financial sector. (Yonhap)